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Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Public Proposal TL;DR:

Dragonchain has demonstrated twice Reddit’s entire total daily volume (votes, comments, and posts per Reddit 2019 Year in Review) in a 24-hour demo on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. At the time, in January 2020, the entire cost of the demo was approximately $25K on a single system (transaction fees locked at $0.0001/txn). With current fees (lowest fee $0.0000025/txn), this would cost as little as $625.
Watch Joe walk through the entire proposal and answer questions on YouTube.
This proposal is also available on the Dragonchain blog.

Hello Reddit and Ethereum community!

I’m Joe Roets, Founder & CEO of Dragonchain. When the team and I first heard about The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off we were intrigued. We believe we have the solutions Reddit seeks for its community points system and we have them at scale.
For your consideration, we have submitted our proposal below. The team at Dragonchain and I welcome and look forward to your technical questions, philosophical feedback, and fair criticism, to build a scaling solution for Reddit that will empower its users. Because our architecture is unlike other blockchain platforms out there today, we expect to receive many questions while people try to grasp our project. I will answer all questions here in this thread on Reddit, and I've answered some questions in the stream on YouTube.
We have seen good discussions so far in the competition. We hope that Reddit’s scaling solution will emerge from The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and that Reddit will have great success with the implementation.

Executive summary

Dragonchain is a robust open source hybrid blockchain platform that has proven to withstand the passing of time since our inception in 2014. We have continued to evolve to harness the scalability of private nodes, yet take full advantage of the security of public decentralized networks, like Ethereum. We have a live, operational, and fully functional Interchain network integrating Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and ~700 independent Dragonchain nodes. Every transaction is secured to Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Ethereum Classic. Transactions are immediately usable on chain, and the first decentralization is seen within 20 seconds on Dragon Net. Security increases further to public networks ETH, BTC, and ETC within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Smart contracts can be written in any executable language, offering full freedom to existing developers. We invite any developer to watch the demo, play with our SDK’s, review open source code, and to help us move forward. Dragonchain specializes in scalable loyalty & rewards solutions and has built a decentralized social network on chain, with very affordable transaction costs. This experience can be combined with the insights Reddit and the Ethereum community have gained in the past couple of months to roll out the solution at a rapid pace.

Response and PoC

In The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off post, Reddit has asked for a series of demonstrations, requirements, and other considerations. In this section, we will attempt to answer all of these requests.

Live Demo

A live proof of concept showing hundreds of thousands of transactions
On Jan 7, 2020, Dragonchain hosted a 24-hour live demonstration during which a quarter of a billion (250 million+) transactions executed fully on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. This means that every single transaction is secured by, and traceable to these networks. An attack on this system would require a simultaneous attack on all of the Interchained networks.
24 hours in 4 minutes (YouTube):
24 hours in 4 minutes
The demonstration was of a single business system, and any user is able to scale this further, by running multiple systems simultaneously. Our goals for the event were to demonstrate a consistent capacity greater than that of Visa over an extended time period.
Tooling to reproduce our demo is available here:
https://github.com/dragonchain/spirit-bomb

Source Code

Source code (for on & off-chain components as well tooling used for the PoC). The source code does not have to be shared publicly, but if Reddit decides to use a particular solution it will need to be shared with Reddit at some point.

Scaling

How it works & scales

Architectural Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture attacks the scalability issue from multiple angles. Dragonchain is a hybrid blockchain platform, wherein every transaction is protected on a business node to the requirements of that business or purpose. A business node may be held completely private or may be exposed or replicated to any level of exposure desired.
Every node has its own blockchain and is independently scalable. Dragonchain established Context Based Verification as its consensus model. Every transaction is immediately usable on a trust basis, and in time is provable to an increasing level of decentralized consensus. A transaction will have a level of decentralization to independently owned and deployed Dragonchain nodes (~700 nodes) within seconds, and full decentralization to BTC and ETH within minutes or hours. Level 5 nodes (Interchain nodes) function to secure all transactions to public or otherwise external chains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. These nodes scale the system by aggregating multiple blocks into a single Interchain transaction on a cadence. This timing is configurable based upon average fees for each respective chain. For detailed information about Dragonchain’s architecture, and Context Based Verification, please refer to the Dragonchain Architecture Document.

Economic Scaling

An interesting feature of Dragonchain’s network consensus is its economics and scarcity model. Since Dragon Net nodes (L2-L4) are independent staking nodes, deployment to cloud platforms would allow any of these nodes to scale to take on a large percentage of the verification work. This is great for scalability, but not good for the economy, because there is no scarcity, and pricing would develop a downward spiral and result in fewer verification nodes. For this reason, Dragonchain uses TIME as scarcity.
TIME is calculated as the number of Dragons held, multiplied by the number of days held. TIME influences the user’s access to features within the Dragonchain ecosystem. It takes into account both the Dragon balance and length of time each Dragon is held. TIME is staked by users against every verification node and dictates how much of the transaction fees are awarded to each participating node for every block.
TIME also dictates the transaction fee itself for the business node. TIME is staked against a business node to set a deterministic transaction fee level (see transaction fee table below in Cost section). This is very interesting in a discussion about scaling because it guarantees independence for business implementation. No matter how much traffic appears on the entire network, a business is guaranteed to not see an increased transaction fee rate.

Scaled Deployment

Dragonchain uses Docker and Kubernetes to allow the use of best practices traditional system scaling. Dragonchain offers managed nodes with an easy to use web based console interface. The user may also deploy a Dragonchain node within their own datacenter or favorite cloud platform. Users have deployed Dragonchain nodes on-prem on Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, MS Azure, and other hosting platforms around the world. Any executable code, anything you can write, can be written into a smart contract. This flexibility is what allows us to say that developers with no blockchain experience can use any code language to access the benefits of blockchain. Customers have used NodeJS, Python, Java, and even BASH shell script to write smart contracts on Dragonchain.
With Docker containers, we achieve better separation of concerns, faster deployment, higher reliability, and lower response times.
We chose Kubernetes for its self-healing features, ability to run multiple services on one server, and its large and thriving development community. It is resilient, scalable, and automated. OpenFaaS allows us to package smart contracts as Docker images for easy deployment.
Contract deployment time is now bounded only by the size of the Docker image being deployed but remains fast even for reasonably large images. We also take advantage of Docker’s flexibility and its ability to support any language that can run on x86 architecture. Any image, public or private, can be run as a smart contract using Dragonchain.

Flexibility in Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture considers interoperability and integration as key features. From inception, we had a goal to increase adoption via integration with real business use cases and traditional systems.
We envision the ability for Reddit, in the future, to be able to integrate alternate content storage platforms or other financial services along with the token.
  • LBRY - To allow users to deploy content natively to LBRY
  • MakerDAO to allow users to lend small amounts backed by their Reddit community points.
  • STORJ/SIA to allow decentralized on chain storage of portions of content. These integrations or any other are relatively easy to integrate on Dragonchain with an Interchain implementation.

Cost

Cost estimates (on-chain and off-chain) For the purpose of this proposal, we assume that all transactions are on chain (posts, replies, and votes).
On the Dragonchain network, transaction costs are deterministic/predictable. By staking TIME on the business node (as described above) Reddit can reduce transaction costs to as low as $0.0000025 per transaction.
Dragonchain Fees Table

Getting Started

How to run it
Building on Dragonchain is simple and requires no blockchain experience. Spin up a business node (L1) in our managed environment (AWS), run it in your own cloud environment, or on-prem in your own datacenter. Clear documentation will walk you through the steps of spinning up your first Dragonchain Level 1 Business node.
Getting started is easy...
  1. Download Dragonchain’s dctl
  2. Input three commands into a terminal
  3. Build an image
  4. Run it
More information can be found in our Get started documents.

Architecture
Dragonchain is an open source hybrid platform. Through Dragon Net, each chain combines the power of a public blockchain (like Ethereum) with the privacy of a private blockchain.
Dragonchain organizes its network into five separate levels. A Level 1, or business node, is a totally private blockchain only accessible through the use of public/private keypairs. All business logic, including smart contracts, can be executed on this node directly and added to the chain.
After creating a block, the Level 1 business node broadcasts a version stripped of sensitive private data to Dragon Net. Three Level 2 Validating nodes validate the transaction based on guidelines determined from the business. A Level 3 Diversity node checks that the level 2 nodes are from a diverse array of locations. A Level 4 Notary node, hosted by a KYC partner, then signs the validation record received from the Level 3 node. The transaction hash is ledgered to the Level 5 public chain to take advantage of the hash power of massive public networks.
Dragon Net can be thought of as a “blockchain of blockchains”, where every level is a complete private blockchain. Because an L1 can send to multiple nodes on a single level, proof of existence is distributed among many places in the network. Eventually, proof of existence reaches level 5 and is published on a public network.

API Documentation

APIs (on chain & off)

SDK Source

Nobody’s Perfect

Known issues or tradeoffs
  • Dragonchain is open source and even though the platform is easy enough for developers to code in any language they are comfortable with, we do not have so large a developer community as Ethereum. We would like to see the Ethereum developer community (and any other communities) become familiar with our SDK’s, our solutions, and our platform, to unlock the full potential of our Ethereum Interchain. Long ago we decided to prioritize both Bitcoin and Ethereum Interchains. We envision an ecosystem that encompasses different projects to give developers the ability to take full advantage of all the opportunities blockchain offers to create decentralized solutions not only for Reddit but for all of our current platforms and systems. We believe that together we will take the adoption of blockchain further. We currently have additional Interchain with Ethereum Classic. We look forward to Interchain with other blockchains in the future. We invite all blockchains projects who believe in decentralization and security to Interchain with Dragonchain.
  • While we only have 700 nodes compared to 8,000 Ethereum and 10,000 Bitcoin nodes. We harness those 18,000 nodes to scale to extremely high levels of security. See Dragonchain metrics.
  • Some may consider the centralization of Dragonchain’s business nodes as an issue at first glance, however, the model is by design to protect business data. We do not consider this a drawback as these nodes can make any, none, or all data public. Depending upon the implementation, every subreddit could have control of its own business node, for potential business and enterprise offerings, bringing new alternative revenue streams to Reddit.

Costs and resources

Summary of cost & resource information for both on-chain & off-chain components used in the PoC, as well as cost & resource estimates for further scaling. If your PoC is not on mainnet, make note of any mainnet caveats (such as congestion issues).
Every transaction on the PoC system had a transaction fee of $0.0001 (one-hundredth of a cent USD). At 256MM transactions, the demo cost $25,600. With current operational fees, the same demonstration would cost $640 USD.
For the demonstration, to achieve throughput to mimic a worldwide payments network, we modeled several clients in AWS and 4-5 business nodes to handle the traffic. The business nodes were tuned to handle higher throughput by adjusting memory and machine footprint on AWS. This flexibility is valuable to implementing a system such as envisioned by Reddit. Given that Reddit’s daily traffic (posts, replies, and votes) is less than half that of our demo, we would expect that the entire Reddit system could be handled on 2-5 business nodes using right-sized containers on AWS or similar environments.
Verification was accomplished on the operational Dragon Net network with over 700 independently owned verification nodes running around the world at no cost to the business other than paid transaction fees.

Requirements

Scaling

This PoC should scale to the numbers below with minimal costs (both on & off-chain). There should also be a clear path to supporting hundreds of millions of users.
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
*100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points) *25,000 subscriptions *75,000 one-off points burning *100,000 transfers
During Dragonchain’s 24 hour demo, the above required numbers were reached within the first few minutes.
Reddit’s total activity is 9000% more than Ethereum’s total transaction level. Even if you do not include votes, it is still 700% more than Ethereum’s current volume. Dragonchain has demonstrated that it can handle 250 million transactions a day, and it’s architecture allows for multiple systems to work at that level simultaneously. In our PoC, we demonstrate double the full capacity of Reddit, and every transaction was proven all the way to Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Reddit Scaling on Ethereum

Decentralization

Solutions should not depend on any single third-party provider. We prefer solutions that do not depend on specific entities such as Reddit or another provider, and solutions with no single point of control or failure in off-chain components but recognize there are numerous trade-offs to consider
Dragonchain’s architecture calls for a hybrid approach. Private business nodes hold the sensitive data while the validation and verification of transactions for the business are decentralized within seconds and secured to public blockchains within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Nodes could potentially be controlled by owners of individual subreddits for more organic decentralization.
  • Billing is currently centralized - there is a path to federation and decentralization of a scaled billing solution.
  • Operational multi-cloud
  • Operational on-premises capabilities
  • Operational deployment to any datacenter
  • Over 700 independent Community Verification Nodes with proof of ownership
  • Operational Interchain (Interoperable to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ethereum Classic, open to more)

Usability Scaling solutions should have a simple end user experience.

Users shouldn't have to maintain any extra state/proofs, regularly monitor activity, keep track of extra keys, or sign anything other than their normal transactions
Dragonchain and its customers have demonstrated extraordinary usability as a feature in many applications, where users do not need to know that the system is backed by a live blockchain. Lyceum is one of these examples, where the progress of academy courses is being tracked, and successful completion of courses is rewarded with certificates on chain. Our @Save_The_Tweet bot is popular on Twitter. When used with one of the following hashtags - #please, #blockchain, #ThankYou, or #eternalize the tweet is saved through Eternal to multiple blockchains. A proof report is available for future reference. Other examples in use are DEN, our decentralized social media platform, and our console, where users can track their node rewards, view their TIME, and operate a business node.
Examples:

Transactions complete in a reasonable amount of time (seconds or minutes, not hours or days)
All transactions are immediately usable on chain by the system. A transaction begins the path to decentralization at the conclusion of a 5-second block when it gets distributed across 5 separate community run nodes. Full decentralization occurs within 10 minutes to 2 hours depending on which interchain (Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Ethereum Classic) the transaction hits first. Within approximately 2 hours, the combined hash power of all interchained blockchains secures the transaction.

Free to use for end users (no gas fees, or fixed/minimal fees that Reddit can pay on their behalf)
With transaction pricing as low as $0.0000025 per transaction, it may be considered reasonable for Reddit to cover transaction fees for users.
All of Reddit's Transactions on Blockchain (month)
Community points can be earned by users and distributed directly to their Reddit account in batch (as per Reddit minting plan), and allow users to withdraw rewards to their Ethereum wallet whenever they wish. Withdrawal fees can be paid by either user or Reddit. This model has been operating inside the Dragonchain system since 2018, and many security and financial compliance features can be optionally added. We feel that this capability greatly enhances user experience because it is seamless to a regular user without cryptocurrency experience, yet flexible to a tech savvy user. With regard to currency or token transactions, these would occur on the Reddit network, verified to BTC and ETH. These transactions would incur the $0.0000025 transaction fee. To estimate this fee we use the monthly active Reddit users statista with a 60% adoption rate and an estimated 10 transactions per month average resulting in an approximate $720 cost across the system. Reddit could feasibly incur all associated internal network charges (mining/minting, transfer, burn) as these are very low and controllable fees.
Reddit Internal Token Transaction Fees

Reddit Ethereum Token Transaction Fees
When we consider further the Ethereum fees that might be incurred, we have a few choices for a solution.
  1. Offload all Ethereum transaction fees (user withdrawals) to interested users as they wish to withdraw tokens for external use or sale.
  2. Cover Ethereum transaction fees by aggregating them on a timed schedule. Users would request withdrawal (from Reddit or individual subreddits), and they would be transacted on the Ethereum network every hour (or some other schedule).
  3. In a combination of the above, customers could cover aggregated fees.
  4. Integrate with alternate Ethereum roll up solutions or other proposals to aggregate minting and distribution transactions onto Ethereum.

Bonus Points

Users should be able to view their balances & transactions via a blockchain explorer-style interface
From interfaces for users who have no knowledge of blockchain technology to users who are well versed in blockchain terms such as those present in a typical block explorer, a system powered by Dragonchain has flexibility on how to provide balances and transaction data to users. Transactions can be made viewable in an Eternal Proof Report, which displays raw data along with TIME staking information and traceability all the way to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and every other Interchained network. The report shows fields such as transaction ID, timestamp, block ID, multiple verifications, and Interchain proof. See example here.
Node payouts within the Dragonchain console are listed in chronological order and can be further seen in either Dragons or USD. See example here.
In our social media platform, Dragon Den, users can see, in real-time, their NRG and MTR balances. See example here.
A new influencer app powered by Dragonchain, Raiinmaker, breaks down data into a user friendly interface that shows coin portfolio, redeemed rewards, and social scores per campaign. See example here.

Exiting is fast & simple
Withdrawing funds on Dragonchain’s console requires three clicks, however, withdrawal scenarios with more enhanced security features per Reddit’s discretion are obtainable.

Interoperability Compatibility with third party apps (wallets/contracts/etc) is necessary.
Proven interoperability at scale that surpasses the required specifications. Our entire platform consists of interoperable blockchains connected to each other and traditional systems. APIs are well documented. Third party permissions are possible with a simple smart contract without the end user being aware. No need to learn any specialized proprietary language. Any code base (not subsets) is usable within a Docker container. Interoperable with any blockchain or traditional APIs. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js. Please see our source code and API documentation.

Scaling solutions should be extensible and allow third parties to build on top of it Open source and extensible
APIs should be well documented and stable

Documentation should be clear and complete
For full documentation, explore our docs, SDK’s, Github repo’s, architecture documents, original Disney documentation, and other links or resources provided in this proposal.

Third-party permissionless integrations should be possible & straightforward Smart contracts are Docker based, can be written in any language, use full language (not subsets), and can therefore be integrated with any system including traditional system APIs. Simple is better. Learning an uncommon or proprietary language should not be necessary.
Advanced knowledge of mathematics, cryptography, or L2 scaling should not be required. Compatibility with common utilities & toolchains is expected.
Dragonchain business nodes and smart contracts leverage Docker to allow the use of literally any language or executable code. No proprietary language is necessary. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js.

Bonus

Bonus Points: Show us how it works. Do you have an idea for a cool new use case for Community Points? Build it!

TIME

Community points could be awarded to Reddit users based upon TIME too, whereas the longer someone is part of a subreddit, the more community points someone naturally gained, even if not actively commenting or sharing new posts. A daily login could be required for these community points to be credited. This grants awards to readers too and incentivizes readers to create an account on Reddit if they browse the website often. This concept could also be leveraged to provide some level of reputation based upon duration and consistency of contribution to a community subreddit.

Dragon Den

Dragonchain has already built a social media platform that harnesses community involvement. Dragon Den is a decentralized community built on the Dragonchain blockchain platform. Dragon Den is Dragonchain’s answer to fake news, trolling, and censorship. It incentivizes the creation and evaluation of quality content within communities. It could be described as being a shareholder of a subreddit or Reddit in its entirety. The more your subreddit is thriving, the more rewarding it will be. Den is currently in a public beta and in active development, though the real token economy is not live yet. There are different tokens for various purposes. Two tokens are Lair Ownership Rights (LOR) and Lair Ownership Tokens (LOT). LOT is a non-fungible token for ownership of a specific Lair. LOT will only be created and converted from LOR.
Energy (NRG) and Matter (MTR) work jointly. Your MTR determines how much NRG you receive in a 24-hour period. Providing quality content, or evaluating content will earn MTR.

Security. Users have full ownership & control of their points.
All community points awarded based upon any type of activity or gift, are secured and provable to all Interchain networks (currently BTC, ETH, ETC). Users are free to spend and withdraw their points as they please, depending on the features Reddit wants to bring into production.

Balances and transactions cannot be forged, manipulated, or blocked by Reddit or anyone else
Users can withdraw their balance to their ERC20 wallet, directly through Reddit. Reddit can cover the fees on their behalf, or the user covers this with a portion of their balance.

Users should own their points and be able to get on-chain ERC20 tokens without permission from anyone else
Through our console users can withdraw their ERC20 rewards. This can be achieved on Reddit too. Here is a walkthrough of our console, though this does not show the quick withdrawal functionality, a user can withdraw at any time. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNlTMxnfVHw

Points should be recoverable to on-chain ERC20 tokens even if all third-parties involved go offline
If necessary, signed transactions from the Reddit system (e.g. Reddit + Subreddit) can be sent to the Ethereum smart contract for minting.

A public, third-party review attesting to the soundness of the design should be available
To our knowledge, at least two large corporations, including a top 3 accounting firm, have conducted positive reviews. These reviews have never been made public, as Dragonchain did not pay or contract for these studies to be released.

Bonus points
Public, third-party implementation review available or in progress
See above

Compatibility with HSMs & hardware wallets
For the purpose of this proposal, all tokenization would be on the Ethereum network using standard token contracts and as such, would be able to leverage all hardware wallet and Ethereum ecosystem services.

Other Considerations

Minting/distributing tokens is not performed by Reddit directly
This operation can be automated by smart contract on Ethereum. Subreddits can if desired have a role to play.

One off point burning, as well as recurring, non-interactive point burning (for subreddit memberships) should be possible and scalable
This is possible and scalable with interaction between Dragonchain Reddit system and Ethereum token contract(s).

Fully open-source solutions are strongly preferred
Dragonchain is fully open source (see section on Disney release after conclusion).

Conclusion

Whether it is today, or in the future, we would like to work together to bring secure flexibility to the highest standards. It is our hope to be considered by Ethereum, Reddit, and other integrative solutions so we may further discuss the possibilities of implementation. In our public demonstration, 256 million transactions were handled in our operational network on chain in 24 hours, for the low cost of $25K, which if run today would cost $625. Dragonchain’s interoperable foundation provides the atmosphere necessary to implement a frictionless community points system. Thank you for your consideration of our proposal. We look forward to working with the community to make something great!

Disney Releases Blockchain Platform as Open Source

The team at Disney created the Disney Private Blockchain Platform. The system was a hybrid interoperable blockchain platform for ledgering and smart contract development geared toward solving problems with blockchain adoption and usability. All objective evaluation would consider the team’s output a success. We released a list of use cases that we explored in some capacity at Disney, and our input on blockchain standardization as part of our participation in the W3C Blockchain Community Group.
https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-blockchain/2016May/0052.html

Open Source

In 2016, Roets proposed to release the platform as open source to spread the technology outside of Disney, as others within the W3C group were interested in the solutions that had been created inside of Disney.
Following a long process, step by step, the team met requirements for release. Among the requirements, the team had to:
  • Obtain VP support and approval for the release
  • Verify ownership of the software to be released
  • Verify that no proprietary content would be released
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to the open source community
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to Disney
  • Offer the plan for ongoing maintenance of the project outside of Disney
  • Itemize competing projects
  • Verify no conflict of interest
  • Preferred license
  • Change the project name to not use the name Disney, any Disney character, or any other associated IP - proposed Dragonchain - approved
  • Obtain legal approval
  • Approval from corporate, parks, and other business units
  • Approval from multiple Disney patent groups Copyright holder defined by Disney (Disney Connected and Advanced Technologies)
  • Trademark searches conducted for the selected name Dragonchain
  • Obtain IT security approval
  • Manual review of OSS components conducted
  • OWASP Dependency and Vulnerability Check Conducted
  • Obtain technical (software) approval
  • Offer management, process, and financial plans for the maintenance of the project.
  • Meet list of items to be addressed before release
  • Remove all Disney project references and scripts
  • Create a public distribution list for email communications
  • Remove Roets’ direct and internal contact information
  • Create public Slack channel and move from Disney slack channels
  • Create proper labels for issue tracking
  • Rename internal private Github repository
  • Add informative description to Github page
  • Expand README.md with more specific information
  • Add information beyond current “Blockchains are Magic”
  • Add getting started sections and info on cloning/forking the project
  • Add installation details
  • Add uninstall process
  • Add unit, functional, and integration test information
  • Detail how to contribute and get involved
  • Describe the git workflow that the project will use
  • Move to public, non-Disney git repository (Github or Bitbucket)
  • Obtain Disney Open Source Committee approval for release
On top of meeting the above criteria, as part of the process, the maintainer of the project had to receive the codebase on their own personal email and create accounts for maintenance (e.g. Github) with non-Disney accounts. Given the fact that the project spanned multiple business units, Roets was individually responsible for its ongoing maintenance. Because of this, he proposed in the open source application to create a non-profit organization to hold the IP and maintain the project. This was approved by Disney.
The Disney Open Source Committee approved the application known as OSSRELEASE-10, and the code was released on October 2, 2016. Disney decided to not issue a press release.
Original OSSRELASE-10 document

Dragonchain Foundation

The Dragonchain Foundation was created on January 17, 2017. https://den.social/l/Dragonchain/24130078352e485d96d2125082151cf0/dragonchain-and-disney/
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Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by Classic-Deal-7242 to u/Classic-Deal-7242 [link] [comments]

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Helpline Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by NoMembership4530 to u/NoMembership4530 [link] [comments]

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Customer Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by Ok-Loss-2384 to u/Ok-Loss-2384 [link] [comments]

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support phone Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by No_Ask_2054 to u/No_Ask_2054 [link] [comments]

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Toll FRee Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US

USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
USA +1.855<945>31.66~ Bitcoin Support Number,Bitcoin Customer Service helpline Number US
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by Economy-Ad2454 to u/Economy-Ad2454 [link] [comments]

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Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by Weekly_Type to u/Weekly_Type [link] [comments]

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Bitcoin Customer Support Number ☎️+𝟏⤣𝟖𝟓𝟓⤣𝟗45⤤3166 ✆+☏ Bitcoin Customer Care phone Number Bitcoin Phone Number @#[email protected]#@###
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by EnvironmentStatus271 to u/EnvironmentStatus271 [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number

Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number

Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number
Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number
Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number
Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number
Bitcoin Support Number ฿855(945)3166 ♈ Bitcoin phone Number Bitcoin Helpline Number
Bitcoinsupport number
Bitcoinprovides a stage for exchanging different digital forms of money. It is a digital money trade. With 1.3 billion market capitalization, Bitcoinis the biggest digital money trade. In this specific article, we will discuss the help group of Bitcoinand what you can profit by it.
As I said before, it is a digital money trade, there is a ton of disarray among the clients on various points. The absence of data and backing made them alarm before exchanging the cryptographic money. Here, we disclose all you require to think about our trade framework and how might you use them to exchange.
Reach us at Bitcoinsupport number to get an answer and help on:
  1. Two-factor confirmation
  2. Withdrawal location white rundown
  3. Understanding cutoff and market request
  4. How to store on Bitcoinfrom any cryptographic money wallet?
  5. Anti-phishing code control.
We are giving you Bitcoinsupport number to determine any sort of inquiry and inquiries identified with the Bitcoincrypto money trade. You may call us to get the help of any sort, identified with our digital currency trade. You may present a solicitation for an answer for your concern and our group will assist you with disposing of that specific issue.
In the event that you are a novice and simply beginning utilizing Bitcoinand you are discovering disarray or any sort of inquiries for us, you may call us at our Bitcoinsupport number. We will promptly support you and lead you to the arrangement. We offer full help to our clients who are very amateur, you will simply need to call us and pose the inquiries.
There is our Bitcoinapp which is exceptionally valuable for our clients and it causes them from various perspectives by its extremely simple UI. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are thinking that its difficult to utilize or getting tangled in it of course there is just a single way you can get the arrangement and the most ideal path is to call us on our client service number.
A considerable lot of our clients need Binance's industry-driving API and all things considered, they have to offer an alternate sort of documentation. In the event that you are likewise applying for APIs, at that point you will require the documentation and all things considered, you may request help on our Bitcoinsupport number.
There is a two-factor confirmation on Bitcoinand it is for the security of your resources. On the off chance that you need assistance in setting up two-factor verification on Binance, you can set up a withdrawal white rundown and advantage from it which will be an expansion to the security of your resources. There is an enemy of phishing code that will include an additional layer of security to your cryptographic money. These are a few subjects on which individuals need assistance and backing commonly and we are here to support them and backing them. Regardless of whether it is a store on Bitcoinor the part of market request in digital currency or the cutoff request which submit on the request book. You will find the solution to the entirety of your inquiries. Here is our Bitcoinsupport number and get in touch with us to free any sort from disarray, questions, or help.
submitted by NeckRare7266 to u/NeckRare7266 [link] [comments]

Syscoin Platform’s Great Reddit Scaling Bake-off Proposal

Syscoin Platform’s Great Reddit Scaling Bake-off Proposal

https://preview.redd.it/rqt2dldyg8e51.jpg?width=1044&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=777ae9d4fbbb54c3540682b72700fc4ba3de0a44
We are excited to participate and present Syscoin Platform's ideal characteristics and capabilities towards a well-rounded Reddit Community Points solution!
Our scaling solution for Reddit Community Points involves 2-way peg interoperability with Ethereum. This will provide a scalable token layer built specifically for speed and high volumes of simple value transfers at a very low cost, while providing sovereign ownership and onchain finality.
Token transfers scale by taking advantage of a globally sorting mempool that provides for probabilistically secure assumptions of “as good as settled”. The opportunity here for token receivers is to have an app-layer interactivity on the speed/security tradeoff (99.9999% assurance within 10 seconds). We call this Z-DAG, and it achieves high-throughput across a mesh network topology presently composed of about 2,000 geographically dispersed full-nodes. Similar to Bitcoin, however, these nodes are incentivized to run full-nodes for the benefit of network security, through a bonded validator scheme. These nodes do not participate in the consensus of transactions or block validation any differently than other nodes and therefore do not degrade the security model of Bitcoin’s validate first then trust, across every node. Each token transfer settles on-chain. The protocol follows Bitcoin core policies so it has adequate code coverage and protocol hardening to be qualified as production quality software. It shares a significant portion of Bitcoin’s own hashpower through merged-mining.
This platform as a whole can serve token microtransactions, larger settlements, and store-of-value in an ideal fashion, providing probabilistic scalability whilst remaining decentralized according to Bitcoin design. It is accessible to ERC-20 via a permissionless and trust-minimized bridge that works in both directions. The bridge and token platform are currently available on the Syscoin mainnet. This has been gaining recent attention for use by loyalty point programs and stablecoins such as Binance USD.

Solutions

Syscoin Foundation identified a few paths for Reddit to leverage this infrastructure, each with trade-offs. The first provides the most cost-savings and scaling benefits at some sacrifice of token autonomy. The second offers more preservation of autonomy with a more narrow scope of cost savings than the first option, but savings even so. The third introduces more complexity than the previous two yet provides the most overall benefits. We consider the third as most viable as it enables Reddit to benefit even while retaining existing smart contract functionality. We will focus on the third option, and include the first two for good measure.
  1. Distribution, burns and user-to-user transfers of Reddit Points are entirely carried out on the Syscoin network. This full-on approach to utilizing the Syscoin network provides the most scalability and transaction cost benefits of these scenarios. The tradeoff here is distribution and subscription handling likely migrating away from smart contracts into the application layer.
  2. The Reddit Community Points ecosystem can continue to use existing smart contracts as they are used today on the Ethereum mainchain. Users migrate a portion of their tokens to Syscoin, the scaling network, to gain much lower fees, scalability, and a proven base layer, without sacrificing sovereign ownership. They would use Syscoin for user-to-user transfers. Tips redeemable in ten seconds or less, a high-throughput relay network, and onchain settlement at a block target of 60 seconds.
  3. Integration between Matic Network and Syscoin Platform - similar to Syscoin’s current integration with Ethereum - will provide Reddit Community Points with EVM scalability (including the Memberships ERC777 operator) on the Matic side, and performant simple value transfers, robust decentralized security, and sovereign store-of-value on the Syscoin side. It’s “the best of both worlds”. The trade-off is more complex interoperability.

Syscoin + Matic Integration

Matic and Blockchain Foundry Inc, the public company formed by the founders of Syscoin, recently entered a partnership for joint research and business development initiatives. This is ideal for all parties as Matic Network and Syscoin Platform provide complementary utility. Syscoin offers characteristics for sovereign ownership and security based on Bitcoin’s time-tested model, and shares a significant portion of Bitcoin’s own hashpower. Syscoin’s focus is on secure and scalable simple value transfers, trust-minimized interoperability, and opt-in regulatory compliance for tokenized assets rather than scalability for smart contract execution. On the other hand, Matic Network can provide scalable EVM for smart contract execution. Reddit Community Points can benefit from both.
Syscoin + Matic integration is actively being explored by both teams, as it is helpful to Reddit, Ethereum, and the industry as a whole.

Proving Performance & Cost Savings

Our POC focuses on 100,000 on-chain settlements of token transfers on the Syscoin Core blockchain. Transfers and burns perform equally with Syscoin. For POCs related to smart contracts (subscriptions, etc), refer to the Matic Network proposal.
On-chain settlement of 100k transactions was accomplished within roughly twelve minutes, well-exceeding Reddit’s expectation of five days. This was performed using six full-nodes operating on compute-optimized AWS c4.2xlarge instances which were geographically distributed (Virginia, London, Sao Paulo Brazil, Oregon, Singapore, Germany). A higher quantity of settlements could be reached within the same time-frame with more broadcasting nodes involved, or using hosts with more resources for faster execution of the process.
Addresses used: 100,014
The demonstration was executed using this tool. The results can be seen in the following blocks:
612722: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/6d47796d043bb4c508d29123e6ae81b051f5e0aaef849f253c8f3a6942a022ce
612723: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/8e2077f743461b90f80b4bef502f564933a8e04de97972901f3d65cfadcf1faf
612724: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/205436d25b1b499fce44c29567c5c807beaca915b83cc9f3c35b0d76dbb11f6e
612725: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/776d1b1a0f90f655a6bbdf559ff5072459cbdc5682d7615ff4b78c00babdc237
612726: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/de4df0994253742a1ac8ac9eec8d2a8c8b0a6d72c53d6f3caa29bb6c171b0a6b
612727: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/e5e167c52a9decb313fbaadf49a5e34cb490f8084f642a850385476d4ef10d70
612728: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/ab64d989edc71890e7b5b8491c20e9a27520dc45a5f7c776d3dae79057f59fe7
612729: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/5e8b7ecd0e36f99d07e4ea6e135fc952bf7ec30164ab6f4d1e98b0f2d405df6d
612730: https://sys1.bcfn.ca/block/d395df3d31dde60bbb0bece6bd5b358297da878f0beb96be389e5f0e043580a3
It is important to note that this POC is not focused on Z-DAG. The performance of Z-DAG has been benchmarked within realistic network conditions: Whiteblock’s audit is publicly available. Network latency tests showed an average TPS around 15k with burst capacity up to 61k. Zero-latency control group exhibited ~150k TPS. Mainnet testing of the Z-DAG network is achievable and will require further coordination and additional resources.
Even further optimizations are expected in the upcoming Syscoin Core release which will implement a UTXO model for our token layer bringing further efficiency as well as open the door to additional scaling technology currently under research by our team and academic partners. At present our token layer is account-based, similar to Ethereum. Opt-in compliance structures will also be introduced soon which will offer some positive performance characteristics as well. It makes the most sense to implement these optimizations before performing another benchmark for Z-DAG, especially on the mainnet considering the resources required to stress-test this network.

Cost Savings

Total cost for these 100k transactions: $0.63 USD
See the live fee comparison for savings estimation between transactions on Ethereum and Syscoin. Below is a snapshot at time of writing:
ETH price: $318.55 ETH gas price: 55.00 Gwei ($0.37)
Syscoin price: $0.11
Snapshot of live fee comparison chart
Z-DAG provides a more efficient fee-market. A typical Z-DAG transaction costs 0.0000582 SYS. Tokens can be safely redeemed/re-spent within seconds or allowed to settle on-chain beforehand. The costs should remain about this low for microtransactions.
Syscoin will achieve further reduction of fees and even greater scalability with offchain payment channels for assets, with Z-DAG as a resilience fallback. New payment channel technology is one of the topics under research by the Syscoin development team with our academic partners at TU Delft. In line with the calculation in the Lightning Networks white paper, payment channels using assets with Syscoin Core will bring theoretical capacity for each person on Earth (7.8 billion) to have five on-chain transactions per year, per person, without requiring anyone to enter a fee market (aka “wait for a block”). This exceeds the minimum LN expectation of two transactions per person, per year; one to exist on-chain and one to settle aggregated value.

Tools, Infrastructure & Documentation

Syscoin Bridge

Mainnet Demonstration of Syscoin Bridge with the Basic Attention Token ERC-20
A two-way blockchain interoperability system that uses Simple Payment Verification to enable:
  • Any Standard ERC-20 token to be moved from Ethereum to the Syscoin blockchain as a Syscoin Platform Token (SPT), and back to Ethereum
  • Any SPT to be moved from Syscoin to the Ethereum blockchain as an ERC-20 token, and back to Syscoin

Benefits

  • Permissionless
  • No counterparties involved
  • No trading mechanisms involved
  • No third-party liquidity providers required
  • Cross-chain Fractional Supply - 2-way peg - Token supply maintained globally
  • ERC-20s gain vastly improved transactionality with the Syscoin Token Platform, along with the security of bitcoin-core-compliant PoW.
  • SPTs gain access to all the tooling, applications and capabilities of Ethereum for ERC-20, including smart contracts.
https://preview.redd.it/l8t2m8ldh8e51.png?width=1180&format=png&auto=webp&s=b0a955a0181746dc79aff718bd0bf607d3c3aa23
https://preview.redd.it/26htnxzfh8e51.png?width=1180&format=png&auto=webp&s=d0383d3c2ee836c9f60b57eca35542e9545f741d

Source code

https://github.com/syscoin/?q=sysethereum
Main Subprojects

API

Tools to simplify using Syscoin Bridge as a service with dapps and wallets will be released some time after implementation of Syscoin Core 4.2. These will be based upon the same processes which are automated in the current live Sysethereum Dapp that is functioning with the Syscoin mainnet.

Documentation

Syscoin Bridge & How it Works (description and process flow)
Superblock Validation Battles
HOWTO: Provision the Bridge for your ERC-20
HOWTO: Setup an Agent
Developer & User Diligence

Trade-off

The Syscoin Ethereum Bridge is secured by Agent nodes participating in a decentralized and incentivized model that involves roles of Superblock challengers and submitters. This model is open to participation. The benefits here are trust-minimization, permissionless-ness, and potentially less legal/regulatory red-tape than interop mechanisms that involve liquidity providers and/or trading mechanisms.
The trade-off is that due to the decentralized nature there are cross-chain settlement times of one hour to cross from Ethereum to Syscoin, and three hours to cross from Syscoin to Ethereum. We are exploring ways to reduce this time while maintaining decentralization via zkp. Even so, an “instant bridge” experience could be provided by means of a third-party liquidity mechanism. That option exists but is not required for bridge functionality today. Typically bridges are used with batch value, not with high frequencies of smaller values, and generally it is advantageous to keep some value on both chains for maximum availability of utility. Even so, the cross-chain settlement time is good to mention here.

Cost

Ethereum -> Syscoin: Matic or Ethereum transaction fee for bridge contract interaction, negligible Syscoin transaction fee for minting tokens
Syscoin -> Ethereum: Negligible Syscoin transaction fee for burning tokens, 0.01% transaction fee paid to Bridge Agent in the form of the ERC-20, Matic or Ethereum transaction fee for contract interaction.

Z-DAG

Zero-Confirmation Directed Acyclic Graph is an instant settlement protocol that is used as a complementary system to proof-of-work (PoW) in the confirmation of Syscoin service transactions. In essence, a Z-DAG is simply a directed acyclic graph (DAG) where validating nodes verify the sequential ordering of transactions that are received in their memory pools. Z-DAG is used by the validating nodes across the network to ensure that there is absolute consensus on the ordering of transactions and no balances are overflowed (no double-spends).

Benefits

  • Unique fee-market that is more efficient for microtransaction redemption and settlement
  • Uses decentralized means to enable tokens with value transfer scalability that is comparable or exceeds that of credit card networks
  • Provides high throughput and secure fulfillment even if blocks are full
  • Probabilistic and interactive
  • 99.9999% security assurance within 10 seconds
  • Can serve payment channels as a resilience fallback that is faster and lower-cost than falling-back directly to a blockchain
  • Each Z-DAG transaction also settles onchain through Syscoin Core at 60-second block target using SHA-256 Proof of Work consensus
https://preview.redd.it/pgbx84jih8e51.png?width=1614&format=png&auto=webp&s=5f631d42a33dc698365eb8dd184b6d442def6640

Source code

https://github.com/syscoin/syscoin

API

Syscoin-js provides tooling for all Syscoin Core RPCs including interactivity with Z-DAG.

Documentation

Z-DAG White Paper
Useful read: An in-depth Z-DAG discussion between Syscoin Core developer Jag Sidhu and Brave Software Research Engineer Gonçalo Pestana

Trade-off

Z-DAG enables the ideal speed/security tradeoff to be determined per use-case in the application layer. It minimizes the sacrifice required to accept and redeem fast transfers/payments while providing more-than-ample security for microtransactions. This is supported on the premise that a Reddit user receiving points does need security yet generally doesn’t want nor need to wait for the same level of security as a nation-state settling an international trade debt. In any case, each Z-DAG transaction settles onchain at a block target of 60 seconds.

Syscoin Specs

Syscoin 3.0 White Paper
(4.0 white paper is pending. For improved scalability and less blockchain bloat, some features of v3 no longer exist in current v4: Specifically Marketplace Offers, Aliases, Escrow, Certificates, Pruning, Encrypted Messaging)
  • 16MB block bandwidth per minute assuming segwit witness carrying transactions, and transactions ~200 bytes on average
  • SHA256 merge mined with Bitcoin
  • UTXO asset layer, with base Syscoin layer sharing identical security policies as Bitcoin Core
  • Z-DAG on asset layer, bridge to Ethereum on asset layer
  • On-chain scaling with prospect of enabling enterprise grade reliable trustless payment processing with on/offchain hybrid solution
  • Focus only on Simple Value Transfers. MVP of blockchain consensus footprint is balances and ownership of them. Everything else can reduce data availability in exchange for scale (Ethereum 2.0 model). We leave that to other designs, we focus on transfers.
  • Future integrations of MAST/Taproot to get more complex value transfers without trading off trustlessness or decentralization.
  • Zero-knowledge Proofs are a cryptographic new frontier. We are dabbling here to generalize the concept of bridging and also verify the state of a chain efficiently. We also apply it in our Digital Identity projects at Blockchain Foundry (a publicly traded company which develops Syscoin softwares for clients). We are also looking to integrate privacy preserving payment channels for off-chain payments through zkSNARK hub & spoke design which does not suffer from the HTLC attack vectors evident on LN. Much of the issues plaguing Lightning Network can be resolved using a zkSNARK design whilst also providing the ability to do a multi-asset payment channel system. Currently we found a showstopper attack (American Call Option) on LN if we were to use multiple-assets. This would not exist in a system such as this.

Wallets

Web3 and mobile wallets are under active development by Blockchain Foundry Inc as WebAssembly applications and expected for release not long after mainnet deployment of Syscoin Core 4.2. Both of these will be multi-coin wallets that support Syscoin, SPTs, Ethereum, and ERC-20 tokens. The Web3 wallet will provide functionality similar to Metamask.
Syscoin Platform and tokens are already integrated with Blockbook. Custom hardware wallet support currently exists via ElectrumSys. First-class HW wallet integration through apps such as Ledger Live will exist after 4.2.
Current supported wallets
Syscoin Spark Desktop
Syscoin-Qt

Explorers

Mainnet: https://sys1.bcfn.ca (Blockbook)
Testnet: https://explorer-testnet.blockchainfoundry.co

Thank you for close consideration of our proposal. We look forward to feedback, and to working with the Reddit community to implement an ideal solution using Syscoin Platform!

submitted by sidhujag to ethereum [link] [comments]

Changpeng Zhao responde a acusaciones y ratifica que Binance opera apegado a la ley

Changpeng Zhao responde a acusaciones y ratifica que Binance opera apegado a la ley


Binance opera apegado a la ley, ratificó su CEO, Changpeng Zhao (CZ), en respuesta a las acusaciones de que el exchange se estableció en Estados Unidos (EE.UU.) para eludir las regulaciones y obtener ganancias subrepticias de los inversores.
Binance «siempre ha operado dentro de los límites de la ley», escribió ZC en Twitter, con lo cual respondió a un artículo de Forbes del 29 de octubre.
En la publicación, el periodista Michael Del Castillo aseguró haber obtenido una supuesta presentación filtrada que describe planes de Binance para operar en EE.UU.
«No reconocemos el supuesto documento», indicó al respecto Zhao.
El documento asegura que en 2018, antes del lanzamiento de Binance.US, el intercambio de cifrado tenía la intención de establecer una «entidad de Tai Chi» en EE.UU.
De esa manera actuaría como un tipo de pararrayos regulatorio para proteger las principales operaciones de la aplicación.
«Si bien la entidad entonces anónima estableció operaciones en Estados Unidos para distraer a los reguladores con un interés fingido en el cumplimiento, se implementarían medidas para mover los ingresos en forma de tarifas de licencia y más a la empresa matriz, Binance», dice el artículo.
«Mientras tanto, a los clientes potenciales se les enseñaría cómo evadir las restricciones geográficas mientras se implementaban soluciones tecnológicas«, agrega.

CZ: El documento no lo hizo un empleado de Binance

CZ agregó que el supuesto documento «no fue producido por un empleado de Binance».
Castillo cree que el exempleado Harry Zhou creó la presentación.
CZ explicó que el hecho de que la firma haya abierto intercambios en varios países es evidencia de que está dispuesta a cumplir con el marco regulatorio, «con las licencias y aplicaciones adecuadas».
Agregó que Binance «tiene una colaboración muy sólida con muchas agencias de aplicación de la ley, notables en todo el mundo».
Incluso, recordó que las operaciones de Binance en EE.UU. tienen «restricciones y procedimientos operativos muy fuertes».
El informe de Forbes describe paralelismos entre el plan de Tai Chi, supuestamente concebido en 2018, y la trayectoria de Binance.US, que se lanzó en septiembre de 2019.
El intercambio actualmente opera en 40 estados de EE.UU.
Castillo dijo que el documento sugería que la entidad comercial participaría en el programa de piedra angular del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional de EE.UU. para detectar debilidades en los sistemas financieros y «distraer» a las agencias.
Entre estas, menciona la Red de Ejecución de Delitos Financieros del Departamento del Tesoro de EE.UU. (FinCEN), la Oficina de Control de Activos Extranjeros (Ofac), la Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), la Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) y el New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS).
Según Forbes, el brazo de Binance en Estados Unidos lo hizo.
La estructura de propiedad de Binance.US, operada por BAM Trading Services en San Francisco, también es un misterio.
La directora ejecutiva Catherine Coley ha afirmado que no hay vínculos de propiedad con Binance.
Incluso, CZ llama a Binance.US «un mercado independiente«.
Sin embargo, Castillo asegura en el artículo que el documento filtrado indicaba que BAM continuaría manejando la licencia de la «tecnología de comercio y billetera» del exchange.
La presentación también supuestamente pedía que la entidad comercial usara redes privadas virtuales (VPN) para ocultar las ubicaciones de los comerciantes de criptomonedas y eludir las regulaciones.
En respuesta, CZ escribió: «Cualquiera puede producir un ‘documento de estrategia’, pero eso no significa que Binance los siga».
submitted by Morocotacoin to CryptoMexico [link] [comments]

Changpeng Zhao responde a acusaciones y ratifica que Binance opera apegado a la ley

Changpeng Zhao responde a acusaciones y ratifica que Binance opera apegado a la ley


Binance opera apegado a la ley, ratificó su CEO, Changpeng Zhao (CZ), en respuesta a las acusaciones de que el exchange se estableció en Estados Unidos (EE.UU.) para eludir las regulaciones y obtener ganancias subrepticias de los inversores.
Binance «siempre ha operado dentro de los límites de la ley», escribió ZC en Twitter, con lo cual respondió a un artículo de Forbes del 29 de octubre.
En la publicación, el periodista Michael Del Castillo aseguró haber obtenido una supuesta presentación filtrada que describe planes de Binance para operar en EE.UU.
«No reconocemos el supuesto documento», indicó al respecto Zhao.
El documento asegura que en 2018, antes del lanzamiento de Binance.US, el intercambio de cifrado tenía la intención de establecer una «entidad de Tai Chi» en EE.UU.
De esa manera actuaría como un tipo de pararrayos regulatorio para proteger las principales operaciones de la aplicación.
«Si bien la entidad entonces anónima estableció operaciones en Estados Unidos para distraer a los reguladores con un interés fingido en el cumplimiento, se implementarían medidas para mover los ingresos en forma de tarifas de licencia y más a la empresa matriz, Binance», dice el artículo.
«Mientras tanto, a los clientes potenciales se les enseñaría cómo evadir las restricciones geográficas mientras se implementaban soluciones tecnológicas«, agrega.
CZ: El documento no lo hizo un empleado de Binance
CZ agregó que el supuesto documento «no fue producido por un empleado de Binance».
Castillo cree que el exempleado Harry Zhou creó la presentación.
CZ explicó que el hecho de que la firma haya abierto intercambios en varios países es evidencia de que está dispuesta a cumplir con el marco regulatorio, «con las licencias y aplicaciones adecuadas».
Agregó que Binance «tiene una colaboración muy sólida con muchas agencias de aplicación de la ley, notables en todo el mundo».
Incluso, recordó que las operaciones de Binance en EE.UU. tienen «restricciones y procedimientos operativos muy fuertes».
El informe de Forbes describe paralelismos entre el plan de Tai Chi, supuestamente concebido en 2018, y la trayectoria de Binance.US, que se lanzó en septiembre de 2019.
El intercambio actualmente opera en 40 estados de EE.UU.
Castillo dijo que el documento sugería que la entidad comercial participaría en el programa de piedra angular del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional de EE.UU. para detectar debilidades en los sistemas financieros y «distraer» a las agencias.
Entre estas, menciona la Red de Ejecución de Delitos Financieros del Departamento del Tesoro de EE.UU. (FinCEN), la Oficina de Control de Activos Extranjeros (Ofac), la Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), la Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) y el New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS).
Según Forbes*,* el brazo de Binance en Estados Unidos lo hizo.
La estructura de propiedad de Binance.US, operada por BAM Trading Services en San Francisco, también es un misterio.
La directora ejecutiva Catherine Coley ha afirmado que no hay vínculos de propiedad con Binance.
Incluso, CZ llama a Binance.US «un mercado independiente«.
Sin embargo, Castillo asegura en el artículo que el documento filtrado indicaba que BAM continuaría manejando la licencia de la «tecnología de comercio y billetera» del exchange.
La presentación también supuestamente pedía que la entidad comercial usara redes privadas virtuales (VPN) para ocultar las ubicaciones de los comerciantes de criptomonedas y eludir las regulaciones.
En respuesta, CZ escribió: «Cualquiera puede producir un ‘documento de estrategia’, pero eso no significa que Binance los siga».
submitted by Morocotacoin to u/Morocotacoin [link] [comments]

Best places to trade your Ripple/XRP (longer read)

In the past when you heard the word ‘cryptocurrency’, the first thing that came to everyone’s minds was Bitcoin. To some, this is still the case; they believe that Bitcoin is the cryptocurrency and the vice versa to also be true.
Of course, the statement is correct in one way; Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, but cryptocurrency is not made up of only Bitcoin but a host of other currencies. One of these currencies is Ripple.
When it comes to the top five cryptocurrencies with the highest capitalization, Ripple needs no introduction as it has managed to secure a position of being the third most traded cryptocurrency around the world. Perhaps this is due to the fact that Ripple is the only cryptocurrency with a backing from traditional legacy financial institutions.
In addition, the coin has been integrated into the operation of thousands of small businesses around the world.
At this juncture, it is only fair that you learn how to be a part of this great innovation. Thankfully, that is what this guide is all about, showing you some of the best trading platforms for Ripple.
There are numerous exchanges that offer decent exchange rates and well-matched trading pairs, but I’ll only narrow down to some of our best picks to help you get started fast.

What is Ripple (XRP)?

Ripple is a cryptocurrency, a currency exchange, a real-time gross settlement payment system, and a remittance network powered by Ripple. As I mentioned before, this is the third most capitalized cryptocurrency asset after Bitcoin and Ethereum.
XRP allows enterprises such as banks and other financial service providers to offer their clients a reliable option to source for liquidity for cross-border currency transactions.
Ripple is a distributed, open-source platform that seeks to capitalize on the weaknesses of the conventional money payment systems such as credit and debit cards, PayPal, bank transfers, among others. According to Ripple, these payment systems expose users to a lot of transaction delays and restrict the fluidity of currencies.
The platform aims at replacing traditional payment systems through offering a faster, safer, and more convenient alternative for making payments.
Both the platform’s exchange and tokens are called Ripple, and their mantra states one frictionless experience to send money globally.

Where Can I Trade XRP?

Most exchanges that trade Ripple are limited to crypto-to-crypto transactions. This means that you can only trade Ripple with another cryptocurrency and not fiat currencies such as the euro or the dollar.
You’ll need to acquire the currency you wish to trade with XRP on a platform that accepts fiat, and once that happens, you can proceed to trade the two currencies.
There are several great platforms that offer XRP trading; below are just a few:

Buying XRP on Binance

Binance is an exchange that was established in 2017 but has bagged a reputation worth over 10 years of existence. This, the team claims, is due to a number of features offered by the platform including better security controls, low trading fee (0.05%), as well as its faster transacting speeds.
To buy or trade XRP on Binance, you’ll need to set up an account on the exchange. The platform offers a fast signup process and actually accepts users from all around the world.
Once you’re done signing up, navigate to the fund’s section and click on “Deposits”. You will find all the listed cryptocurrencies supported by the Binance platform.
Since Binance does not support the purchase of Ripple using fiat currencies, you’ll need to acquire another cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin or Ethereum and use it to acquire XRP.
This will require you to use a platform such as Coinbase that accepts fiat currencies when buying cryptos. Getting started on Coinbase is quite simple. Head over to their website and click on the “Get Started” icon on the top right corner of your screen.
Fill in the required fields and read through their User Agreement and Privacy Policy documents, then create your account.
You’ll receive an email that will require you to verify your signup details together with your phone number.
You will then gain access to your created account.
Proceed to buy your coins; preferably, choose either Bitcoin or Ethereum as they have higher liquidities. Once you’re done, your coins will be received in your online Coinbase account.
Head over to the menu indicated as “Account” and click on it.
Click on “Send” and enter the number of coins you wish to send to your Binance wallet. Copy and paste the address of your Binance account to Coinbase, then click send to transfer the funds.
The purchased cryptocurrency will be received and on Binance, you can go ahead and trade it with Ripple.

Buying XRP on Bittrex

Just like on Binance, you’ll need to create an account on Bittrex to get started.
The process is pretty much straightforward, only requiring you to sign up using your email address and password.
Once you’re done signing up, click on the wallet tab. You will be taken to a page where you can view all the deposit addresses of the cryptocurrencies on the Bittrex platform.
You can then choose the currency to use to purchase XRP, after which, you will be required to type in the code of the currency you will be using to purchase Ripple. If you’re using Ethereum, you can type in the search bar “ETH” and then click on the green arrow to reveal the deposit address. In case you will be sending the funds from a different exchange, you’ll need to paste the address to that platform.
Next, you’ll need to send funds to your Bittrex account. Bittrex permits payments using both fiat and cryptocurrencies. So, depending on what you will be using, send money to your online wallet and proceed to trade it with Ripple.

Buying XRP on Changelly

Changelly is another Ripple exchange that requires you to use either Bitcoin or Ethereum to acquire XRP.
The exchange doesn’t have an inbuilt wallet, so you’ll need to store your funds on a separate hardware or software wallet. You can pretty much use any type of wallet, but the most secure ones are the hardware ones as they store your coins in an offline cold storage area.
Ripple prefers not to have many unutilized accounts being set up on its platform; this is why you’ll need to have a minimum of 20 XRP in your account for you to get started. However, if your first transaction will be more than 20 XRP, then you’re all set.
Once you have a wallet ready for your Ripple, head to the Changelly site and click on “input currency”. Here, you will be able to enter the currency you wish to trade for Ripple.
You can basically pick and use any coin listed on the site, but it is highly recommended that you use either Bitcoin or Ethereum due to their high liquidity.
The output section will have Ripple, which is the currency you wish to receive.
The next step will require you to key in your XRP address, which is your Ripple address and the destination tag, which is a description of the transaction.
You can now proceed to trade your chosen coins for Ripple. The transaction shouldn’t take long, and you will be able to receive the coins in your Ripple wallet.

Cryptmixer

Cryptmixer is a platform that assists users to swap XRP with 5 other assets freely. The interface lets users convert assets directly from one’s wallet, without having to create an account or register. Besides, the service helps to compare different providers and find a suitable deal for handling Ripple transactions securely, rapidly, and at the best rate.
The process of using Cryptmixer is quite simple:
  1. Go to the main page, choose the currency you’d like to swap, and enter the amount.
  2. Choose XRP to receive.
  3. Review the amount to see how much you will receive. Cryptmixer will automatically find the best rates for your trade.
  4. Click Exchange.
  5. Then, enter the wallet address that you wish to use.
  6. Send in the deposit to the generated wallet address and wait for the transaction to be processed.
What makes Cryptmixer a great fit is that it provides a very simple layout and quick process so it’s not chore when you trade your crypto. The support line also takes on the job of solving the cases by cooperating with users with top priority.
To learn more on how to exchange XRP at the best rate check https://cryptmixer.com

Buying XRP on Coinmama

Coinmama is a cryptocurrency exchange that has been around for quite a while now. The Coinmama team has been adding more coins on their platform over time to be able to provide its users with a wider variety of trading pairs.
More recently, the platform included Ripple on its platform. However, Coinmama does not allow US-based users to purchase Ripple due to some stringent laws and regulations surrounding the coin.
But for non-US users, you can proceed to create your account on the platform and locate Ripple among the listed assets.
Once you’ve created your account, navigate your way to the area with the list of assets. Select one of the provided packages and proceed.
You’re required to have a crypto wallet prior to making any purchase on the platform, so be sure to have a valid wallet address before completing the purchase. Once that’s done, purchase your Ripple coins and they will be delivered to your wallet.

Storing Your Ripple Coins

Online storages are never safe for cryptocurrency assets. Individuals have woken up to all sort of horrific sceneries on their accounts that left them bankrupt with no one to turn to.
One of the most important concepts you need to grasp about online businesses is the security of your transactions.
Cryptocurrency burglars are everywhere and are getting smarter by the day; this means that traditional ways of guaranteeing the security of your online assets are no longer effective.
Most exchanges have top-notch security standards, but the safety of your cryptos begins with you. A great way of ensuring that your funds are secure is by getting an offline storage device for your coins. I’ve seen great reviews on two hardware wallets that I highly recommend; these are the Ledger Nano S and Trezor wallets.
After getting the wallet of your choice, keep your personal data such as passwords and secret words private; this will ensure that no one else gains access to your wallet even if you misplace it. Writing your password or PIN on open places or somewhere in your phone might not be a good idea; yes, it may be convenient for you, but it will be for the burglar too.

What method of purchasing XRP is considered to be the best?

The most secure and common way of acquiring Ripple is through buying Ethereum or Bitcoin from Coinbase or Coinmama, then transferring the same to Cryptmixer to use to exchange with Ripple.
This is because Ripple is currently not available for purchase by using fiat currencies.

What is the best trading platform for Ripple?

Ripple is available on a decent number of exchanges including Binance, Coinmama, Coinbase, Bittrex, Cryptmixer, and more. However, among the stated ones, I have found Cryptmixer to be more secure and easier to use while it also offers the best trading rates and fees.

The Bottom Line

As we conclude, you now have some of the best choices when it comes to the exchange to acquire Ripple coins. After buying your XRP coins, store them offline on a secure device due to the risk of being faced by threats such as hacking or system failures.
If you’re serious about making cryptocurrency your investment vehicle in the long run, consider investing in a more lasting security solution such as a hardware storage device. You may not get them for a few pennies, but trust me when I say they are worth every last dime you spend on them.
submitted by MonishaNuij to MonMonCrypto [link] [comments]

The Undiscovered Facts Behind Money Laundering, Cryptocurrency, and Banks

The Undiscovered Facts Behind Money Laundering, Cryptocurrency, and Banks
A week ago, a lot of documents known as the FinCEN documents were delivered, enumerating how the absolute greatest banks on the globe move trillions of dollars in dubious exchanges for suspected psychological militants, kleptocrats, and drug top dogs. Also, the U.S. government has neglected to stop it.
https://preview.redd.it/lme57jyyx1r51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=014ead7b7b812b3d6cbaf4a141eeec123589121b
The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network ("FinCEN"), an agency inside the Treasury Department, accused of battling tax evasion, psychological militant financing, and other monetary violations. An assortment of "dubious movement reports" offers a window into budgetary debasement, and how governments can't or reluctant to stop it. Benefits from destructive medication wars, fortunes stole from creating nations, and hard-earned investment funds taken in Ponzi plans, all course through money related establishments, in spite of admonitions from bank workers.
These reports are available to US law enforcement agencies and other nations’ financial intelligence operations. Although FinCEN is aware of the money laundering activities, it lacks the authority to stop it.
Money laundering is more than a financial crime. It is a tool that makes all other crimes possible - from drug trafficking to political crimes. And banks make it all possible. In a detailed expose, BuzzFeedNews named several of the most trusted banks. Current investigations show that even after fines and prosecutions, well-known JPMorgan Chase JPM (+0.9%), HSBC, Standard Chartered, Deutsche Bank, and Bank of New York Mellon BK (+0.8%) are all involved in moving funds for suspected criminals.
The current money related framework generally protects the banks and its heads from the indictment, inasmuch as the bank documents a notification with FinCEN that it might be encouraging crime. The dubious movement alert adequately gives the banks a free pass. Thus, unlawful finances keep on moving through banks into different businesses from oil to amusement to land, further isolating the rich from poor people, while the banks we have developed to trust, make everything conceivable.
As indicated by the United Nations, the assessed measure of cash laundered universally in one year is 2 to 5% of the worldwide GDP, or $800 billion to $2 trillion, with more than thank 90% of illegal tax avoidance going undetected today.
Simultaneously, the cryptocurrency industry has likewise been condemned for being an apparatus for tax evasion, in spite of insights expressing something else. It is assessed that solitary 1.1% of all digital currency exchanges are illegal. During its initial days, Bitcoin was generally connected with the Silk Road, an online dim net commercial center, where clients could buy weapons and unlawful medications namelessly.
Be that as it may, with the developing utilization of the Bitcoin organization, 42 million Bitcoin wallets, and checking, it is getting progressively conceivable to follow exchanges on open blockchains, while private financial exchanges stay covered up on display.
This week, I had a chance to plunk down with Chanpeng Zhao "CZ", the Founder and CEO of Binance, the biggest cryptographic money trade by volume on the planet, to get his interpretation of illegal tax avoidance both in the customary and the computerized fund universes.
Coming up next are a couple of features from our meeting:
Much obliged to you for going along with us today, CZ. As you would see it, for what reason is illegal tax avoidance especially destructive to our economy?
CZ: As monetary administration suppliers, it is our obligation to battle unlawful action. Everybody shares this duty. Yet, regularly once the principles are set up, individuals will attempt to get around the guidelines. What's more, there are individuals who simply need more business, and knowing or unconsciously will encourage these exchanges. We live in an intricate world, where one nation may see a go about as criminal and the other may not. Many individuals have a high contrast see, yet the world is really dim. Not all banks are honest and not all crypto organizations are terrible.
The digital currency industry has experienced harsh criticism for encouraging unlawful exchanges. How would you think conventional money and digital currency businesses analyze in such manner?
CZ: If you are utilizing Bitcoin, it is a straightforward record. When you have a couple of exchanges, you can follow the assets right back to where the coins were mined. So along these lines, blockchain really gives a straightforward record to everybody to dissect. In the event that you piece together a couple of information focuses and do a group examination, it isn't that difficult for a calculation to break down the beginning. Security coins are more earnestly to follow, yet their market top isn't unreasonably high, making bigger exchanges more troublesome. So to be completely forthright, it is a lot simpler to make illegal exchanges utilizing fiat than utilizing crypto.
How might you analyze the volume of illegal exchanges in crypto versus fiat?
CZ: It's likely a thousand times less. Essentially, for any important measure of cash you need to move in the crypto, it is exceptionally difficult to move it namelessly. There are outsider checking devices and information bases that can coordinate a considerable lot of the addresses to known people. The digital currency market top is little to the point, that in the event that you are moving a $100 million dollars, you can't do as such without experiencing an incorporated trade, making it considerably simpler to follow.
The cryptographic money space overall was begun by Satoshi Nakomoto as to some degree a campaign against the defilement of banks. Remarkably, the beginning square of Bitcoin contained a commentary tending to the bailouts of banks in 2008 and 2009 ["The Times 3 January 2009 - Chancellor on edge of second bailout for banks."] Is that ethos still alive in the digital currency space today, the drive to bring down the enormous person?
CZ: I have even more a fair view here. Some in the crypto space are against banks, fiat, and so forth., while others think digital forms of money are utilized by drug masters. Those are two extraordinary perspectives. My view is that digital money offers opportunities - a further extent of opportunity in exchanges, ventures, property, reserve funds, and so on. We are simply offering another choice for clients who esteem that opportunity and control. I'm not against any bank or any single individual. I think crypto offers a higher opportunity of cash, and thusly we need to give more individuals admittance to crypto… If I don't care for the banks, I simply don't utilize them.
Where do you feel the equalization lies between the legislature securing its residents as opposed to encouraging advancement?
CZ: I accept governments ought to be public administrations. They ought to give streets and fire departments...Whenever there is government intercession, it is awful for the economy. At whatever point an administration encourages one gathering, it naturally harms another. The administration influences the parity of the economy giving assistance to a gathering that isn't sufficiently serious to remain alive. So at whatever point an administration rescues huge banks, or any business so far as that is concerned, they just appear as though they are making a difference. I have confidence in a free economy, and I buy into that way of thinking unequivocally.
Much obliged to you for your understanding, CZ.
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submitted by privatex-wallet to u/privatex-wallet [link] [comments]

How To End The Cryptocurrency Exchange "Wild West" Without Crippling Innovation


In case you haven't noticed the consultation paper, staff notice, and report on Quadriga, regulators are now clamping down on Canadian cryptocurrency exchanges. The OSC and other regulatory bodies are still interested in industry feedback. They have not put forward any official regulation yet. Below are some ideas/insights and a proposed framework.



Many of you have limited time to read the full proposal, so here are the highlights:

Offline Multi-Signature

Effective standards to prevent both internal and external theft. Exchange operators are trained and certified, and have a legal responsibility to users.

Regular Transparent Audits

Provides visibility to Canadians that their funds are fully backed on the exchange, while protecting privacy and sensitive platform information.

Insurance Requirements

Establishment of basic insurance standards/strategy, to expand over time. Removing risk to exchange users of any hot wallet theft.


Background and Justifications


Cold Storage Custody/Management
After reviewing close to 100 cases, all thefts tend to break down into more or less the same set of problems:
• Funds stored online or in a smart contract,
• Access controlled by one person or one system,
• 51% attacks (rare),
• Funds sent to the wrong address (also rare), or
• Some combination of the above.
For the first two cases, practical solutions exist and are widely implemented on exchanges already. Offline multi-signature solutions are already industry standard. No cases studied found an external theft or exit scam involving an offline multi-signature wallet implementation. Security can be further improved through minimum numbers of signatories, background checks, providing autonomy and legal protections to each signatory, establishing best practices, and a training/certification program.
The last two transaction risks occur more rarely, and have never resulted in a loss affecting the actual users of the exchange. In all cases to date where operators made the mistake, they've been fully covered by the exchange platforms.
• 51% attacks generally only occur on blockchains with less security. The most prominent cases have been Bitcoin Gold and Ethereum Classic. The simple solution is to enforce deposit limits and block delays such that a 51% attack is not cost-effective.
• The risk of transactions to incorrect addresses can be eliminated by a simple test transaction policy on large transactions. By sending a small amount of funds prior to any large withdrawals/transfers as a standard practice, the accuracy of the wallet address can be validated.
The proposal covers all loss cases and goes beyond, while avoiding significant additional costs, risks, and limitations which may be associated with other frameworks like SOC II.

On The Subject of Third Party Custodians
Many Canadian platforms are currently experimenting with third party custody. From the standpoint of the exchange operator, they can liberate themselves from some responsibility of custody, passing that off to someone else. For regulators, it puts crypto in similar categorization to oil, gold, and other commodities, with some common standards. Platform users would likely feel greater confidence if the custodian was a brand they recognized. If the custodian was knowledgeable and had a decent team that employed multi-sig, they could keep assets safe from internal theft. With the right protections in place, this could be a great solution for many exchanges, particularly those that lack the relevant experience or human resources for their own custody systems.
However, this system is vulnerable to anyone able to impersonate the exchange operators. You may have a situation where different employees who don't know each other that well are interacting between different companies (both the custodian and all their customers which presumably isn't just one exchange). A case study of what can go wrong in this type of environment might be Bitpay, where the CEO was tricked out of 5000 bitcoins over 3 separate payments by a series of emails sent legitimately from a breached computer of another company CEO. It's also still vulnerable to the platform being compromised, as in the really large $70M Bitfinex hack, where the third party Bitgo held one key in a multi-sig wallet. The hacker simply authorized the withdrawal using the same credentials as Bitfinex (requesting Bitgo to sign multiple withdrawal transactions). This succeeded even with the use of multi-sig and two heavily security-focused companies, due to the lack of human oversight (basically, hot wallet). Of course, you can learn from these cases and improve the security, but so can hackers improve their deception and at the end of the day, both of these would have been stopped by the much simpler solution of a qualified team who knew each other and employed multi-sig with properly protected keys. It's pretty hard to beat a human being who knows the business and the typical customer behaviour (or even knows their customers personally) at spotting fraud, and the proposed multi-sig means any hacker has to get through the scrutiny of 3 (or more) separate people, all of whom would have proper training including historical case studies.
There are strong arguments both for and against using use of third party custodians. The proposal sets mandatory minimum custody standards would apply regardless if the cold wallet signatories are exchange operators, independent custodians, or a mix of both.

On The Subject Of Insurance
ShakePay has taken the first steps into this new realm (congratulations). There is no question that crypto users could be better protected by the right insurance policies, and it certainly feels better to transact with insured platforms. The steps required to obtain insurance generally place attention in valuable security areas, and in this case included a review from CipherTrace. One of the key solutions in traditional finance comes from insurance from entities such as the CDIC.
However, historically, there wasn't found any actual insurance payout to any cryptocurrency exchange, and there are notable cases where insurance has not paid. With Bitpay, for example, the insurance agent refused because the issue happened to the third party CEO's computer instead of anything to do with Bitpay itself. With the Youbit exchange in South Korea, their insurance claim was denied, and the exchange ultimately ended up instead going bankrupt with all user's funds lost. To quote Matt Johnson in the original Lloyd's article: “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
ShakePay's insurance was only reported to cover their cold storage, and “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held”. Physical theft has never, in the history of cryptocurrency exchange cases reviewed, been reported as the cause of loss. From the limited information of the article, ShakePay made it clear their funds are in the hands of a single US custodian, and at least part of their security strategy is to "decline[] to confirm the custodian’s name on the record". While this prevents scrutiny of the custodian, it's pretty silly to speculate that a reasonably competent hacking group couldn't determine who the custodian is. A far more common infiltration strategy historically would be social engineering, which has succeeded repeatedly. A hacker could trick their way into ShakePay's systems and request a fraudulent withdrawal, impersonate ShakePay and request the custodian to move funds, or socially engineer their way into the custodian to initiate the withdrawal of multiple accounts (a payout much larger than ShakePay) exploiting the standard procedures (for example, fraudulently initiating or override the wallet addresses of a real transfer). In each case, nothing was physically stolen and the loss is therefore not covered by insurance.
In order for any insurance to be effective, clear policies have to be established about what needs to be covered. Anything short of that gives Canadians false confidence that they are protected when they aren't in any meaningful way. At this time, the third party insurance market does not appear to provide adequate options or coverage, and effort is necessary to standardize custody standards, which is a likely first step in ultimately setting up an insurance framework.
A better solution compared to third party insurance providers might be for Canadian exchange operators to create their own collective insurance fund, or a specific federal organization similar to the CDIC. Such an organization would have a greater interest or obligation in paying out actual cases, and that would be it's purpose rather than maximizing it's own profit. This would be similar to the SAFU which Binance has launched, except it would cover multiple exchanges. There is little question whether the SAFU would pay out given a breach of Binance, and a similar argument could be made for a insurance fund managed by a collective of exchange operators or a government organization. While a third party insurance provider has the strong market incentive to provide the absolute minimum coverage and no market incentive to payout, an entity managed by exchange operators would have incentive to protect the reputation of exchange operators/the industry, and the government should have the interest of protecting Canadians.

On The Subject of Fractional Reserve
There is a long history of fractional reserve failures, from the first banks in ancient times, through the great depression (where hundreds of fractional reserve banks failed), right through to the 2008 banking collapse referenced in the first bitcoin block. The fractional reserve system allows banks to multiply the money supply far beyond the actual cash (or other assets) in existence, backed only by a system of debt obligations of others. Safely supporting a fractional reserve system is a topic of far greater complexity than can be addressed by a simple policy, and when it comes to cryptocurrency, there is presently no entity reasonably able to bail anyone out in the event of failure. Therefore, this framework is addressed around entities that aim to maintain 100% backing of funds.
There may be some firms that desire but have failed to maintain 100% backing. In this case, there are multiple solutions, including outside investment, merging with other exchanges, or enforcing a gradual restoration plan. All of these solutions are typically far better than shutting down the exchange, and there are multiple cases where they've been used successfully in the past.

Proof of Reserves/Transparency/Accountability
Canadians need to have visibility into the backing on an ongoing basis.
The best solution for crypto-assets is a Proof of Reserve. Such ideas go back all the way to 2013, before even Mt. Gox. However, no Canadian exchange has yet implemented such a system, and only a few international exchanges (CoinFloor in the UK being an example) have. Many firms like Kraken, BitBuy, and now ShakePay use the Proof of Reserve term to refer to lesser proofs which do not actually cryptographically prove the full backing of all user assets on the blockchain. In order for a Proof of Reserve to be effective, it must actually be a complete proof, and it needs to be understood by the public that is expected to use it. Many firms have expressed reservations about the level of transparency required in a complete Proof of Reserve (for example Kraken here). While a complete Proof of Reserves should be encouraged, and there are some solutions in the works (ie TxQuick), this is unlikely to be suitable universally for all exchange operators and users.
Given the limitations, and that firms also manage fiat assets, a more traditional audit process makes more sense. Some Canadian exchanges (CoinSquare, CoinBerry) have already subjected themselves to annual audits. However, these results are not presently shared publicly, and there is no guarantee over the process including all user assets or the integrity and independence of the auditor. The auditor has been typically not known, and in some cases, the identity of the auditor is protected by a NDA. Only in one case (BitBuy) was an actual report generated and publicly shared. There has been no attempt made to validate that user accounts provided during these audits have been complete or accurate. A fraudulent fractional exchange, or one which had suffered a breach they were unwilling to publicly accept (see CoinBene), could easily maintain a second set of books for auditors or simply exclude key accounts to pass an individual audit.
The proposed solution would see a reporting standard which includes at a minimum - percentage of backing for each asset relative to account balances and the nature of how those assets are stored, with ownership proven by the auditor. The auditor would also publicly provide a "hash list", which they independently generate from the accounts provided by the exchange. Every exchange user can then check their information against this public "hash list". A hash is a one-way form of encryption, which fully protects the private information, yet allows anyone who knows that information already to validate that it was included. Less experienced users can take advantage of public tools to calculate the hash from their information (provided by the exchange), and thus have certainty that the auditor received their full balance information. Easy instructions can be provided.
Auditors should be impartial, their identities and process public, and they should be rotated so that the same auditor is never used twice in a row. Balancing the cost of auditing against the needs for regular updates, a 6 month cycle likely makes the most sense.

Hot Wallet Management
The best solution for hot wallets is not to use them. CoinBerry reportedly uses multi-sig on all withdrawals, and Bitmex is an international example known for their structure devoid of hot wallets.
However, many platforms and customers desire fast withdrawal processes, and human validation has a cost of time and delay in this process.
A model of self-insurance or separate funds for hot wallets may be used in these cases. Under this model, a platform still has 100% of their client balance in cold storage and holds additional funds in hot wallets for quick withdrawal. Thus, the risk of those hot wallets is 100% on exchange operators and not affecting the exchange users. Since most platforms typically only have 1%-5% in hot wallets at any given time, it shouldn't be unreasonable to build/maintain these additional reserves over time using exchange fees or additional investment. Larger withdrawals would still be handled at regular intervals from the cold storage.
Hot wallet risks have historically posed a large risk and there is no established standard to guarantee secure hot wallets. When the government of South Korea dispatched security inspections to multiple exchanges, the results were still that 3 of them got hacked after the inspections. If standards develop such that an organization in the market is willing to insure the hot wallets, this could provide an acceptable alternative. Another option may be for multiple exchange operators to pool funds aside for a hot wallet insurance fund. Comprehensive coverage standards must be established and maintained for all hot wallet balances to make sure Canadians are adequately protected.

Current Draft Proposal

(1) Proper multi-signature cold wallet storage.
(a) Each private key is the personal and legal responsibility of one person - the “signatory”. Signatories have special rights and responsibilities to protect user assets. Signatories are trained and certified through a course covering (1) past hacking and fraud cases, (2) proper and secure key generation, and (3) proper safekeeping of private keys. All private keys must be generated and stored 100% offline by the signatory. If even one private keys is ever breached or suspected to be breached, the wallet must be regenerated and all funds relocated to a new wallet.
(b) All signatories must be separate background-checked individuals free of past criminal conviction. Canadians should have a right to know who holds their funds. All signing of transactions must take place with all signatories on Canadian soil or on the soil of a country with a solid legal system which agrees to uphold and support these rules (from an established white-list of countries which expands over time).
(c) 3-5 independent signatures are required for any withdrawal. There must be 1-3 spare signatories, and a maximum of 7 total signatories. The following are all valid combinations: 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.
(d) A security audit should be conducted to validate the cold wallet is set up correctly and provide any additional pertinent information. The primary purpose is to ensure that all signatories are acting independently and using best practices for private key storage. A report summarizing all steps taken and who did the audit will be made public. Canadians must be able to validate the right measures are in place to protect their funds.
(e) There is a simple approval process if signatories wish to visit any country outside Canada, with a potential whitelist of exempt countries. At most 2 signatories can be outside of aligned jurisdiction at any given time. All exchanges would be required to keep a compliant cold wallet for Canadian funds and have a Canadian office if they wish to serve Canadian customers.
(2) Regular and transparent solvency audits.
(a) An audit must be conducted at founding, after 3 months of operation, and at least once every 6 months to compare customer balances against all stored cryptocurrency and fiat balances. The auditor must be known, independent, and never the same twice in a row.
(b) An audit report will be published featuring the steps conducted in a readable format. This should be made available to all Canadians on the exchange website and on a government website. The report must include what percentage of each customer asset is backed on the exchange, and how those funds are stored.
(c) The auditor will independently produce a hash of each customer's identifying information and balance as they perform the audit. This will be made publicly available on the exchange and government website, along with simplified instructions that each customer can use to verify that their balance was included in the audit process.
(d) The audit needs to include a proof of ownership for any cryptocurrency wallets included. A satoshi test (spending a small amount) or partially signed transaction both qualify.
(e) Any platform without 100% reserves should be assessed on a regular basis by a government or industry watchdog. This entity should work to prevent any further drop, support any private investor to come in, or facilitate a merger so that 100% backing can be obtained as soon as possible.
(3) Protections for hot wallets and transactions.
(a) A standardized list of approved coins and procedures will be established to constitute valid cold storage wallets. Where a multi-sig process is not natively available, efforts will be undertaken to establish a suitable and stable smart contract standard. This list will be expanded and improved over time. Coins and procedures not on the list are considered hot wallets.
(b) Hot wallets can be backed by additional funds in cold storage or an acceptable third-party insurance provider with a comprehensive coverage policy.
(c) Exchanges are required to cover the full balance of all user funds as denominated in the same currency, or double the balance as denominated in bitcoin or CAD using an established trading rate. If the balance is ever insufficient due to market movements, the firm must rectify this within 24 hours by moving assets to cold storage or increasing insurance coverage.
(d) Any large transactions (above a set threshold) from cold storage to any new wallet addresses (not previously transacted with) must be tested with a smaller transaction first. Deposits of cryptocurrency must be limited to prevent economic 51% attacks. Any issues are to be covered by the exchange.
(e) Exchange platforms must provide suitable authentication for users, including making available approved forms of two-factor authentication. SMS-based authentication is not to be supported. Withdrawals must be blocked for 48 hours in the event of any account password change. Disputes on the negligence of exchanges should be governed by case law.

Steps Forward

Continued review of existing OSC feedback is still underway. More feedback and opinions on the framework and ideas as presented here are extremely valuable. The above is a draft and not finalized.
The process of further developing and bringing a suitable framework to protect Canadians will require the support of exchange operators, legal experts, and many others in the community. The costs of not doing such are tremendous. A large and convoluted framework, one based on flawed ideas or implementation, or one which fails to properly safeguard Canadians is not just extremely expensive and risky for all Canadians, severely limiting to the credibility and reputation of the industry, but an existential risk to many exchanges.
The responsibility falls to all of us to provide our insight and make our opinions heard on this critical matter. Please take the time to give your thoughts.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

Binance US Adds New Coins, Bittrex Halts Service, Bitcoin Breakout & Crazy Bitcoin Prediction Binance Margin Trading Wrecks Bitcoin's Price and Ethereum To Adopt Bitcoin Cash BINANCE ALLOWS PURCHASING OF 5 CRYPTOCURRENCIES WITH CREDIT CARDS Bitcoin Options Trading  Crypto Options Trading By Binance - Hindi You are being LIED TO about BITCOIN 🚨DON'T BE FOOLED ... ₿ Ripple Signs 4 New Clients, Hacked Bitcoin Wallet, VeChain Hospital Blockchain & Ripple Coil How to Earn Money on Crypto Sinhala Lesson Bitcoin Greed And Fear, Ethereum DeFi Records, Low Interest & Binance Delistings Binance Tax Reporting - Instant Tax Forms  CryptoTrader.Tax Demo Bitcoin: Beyond The Bubble - Full Documentary - YouTube

Binance API Client constructor. Parameters: api_key (str.) – Api Key; api_secret (str.) – Api Secret; requests_params (dict.) – optional - Dictionary of requests params to use for all calls; aggregate_trade_iter (symbol, start_str=None, last_id=None) [source] ¶ Iterate over aggregate trade data from (start_time or last_id) to the end of the history so far. If start_time is specified ... Binance API Telegram Group. For any questions in sudden drop in performance with the API and/or Websockets. For any general questions about the API not covered in the documentation. Binance Developers. For any questions on your code implementation with the API and/or Websockets. Binance Customer Support. For cases such as missing funds, help ... Public Rest API for Binance (2020-04-25) General API Information. The base endpoint is: https://api.binance.com; All endpoints return either a JSON object or array. Data is returned in ascending order. Oldest first, newest last. All time and timestamp related fields are in milliseconds. HTTP Return Codes Binance has the right to further tighten the rate limits on users with intent to attack. IP Limits. Every request will contain X-MBX-USED-WEIGHT- (intervalNum)(intervalLetter) in the response headers which has the current used weight for the IP for all request rate limiters defined. Each route has a weight which determines for the number of requests each endpoint counts for. Heavier endpoints ... Contactez l'équipe d'assistance client Binance. Contacter le service client Binance » Guide pour débutants. Apprenez comment commencer à utiliser Binance avec nos guides pratiques ! Voir plus » Télécharger l'App Binance. Tradez à votre manière avec les applications Binance pour Android, iOS, macOS, et Windows. Voir plus » Documentation API. Tirez le meilleur parti de l'API Binance ... Binance API client. This module is intended as an interface to the Binance API (documentation here), which lets you manage your account through simple REST requests. Installation. The installation step is really straight-forward. Just execute the following command: npm install binance-api-client. Documentation. You can find the documentation to this project here. Donations. Please if you like ... Binance cryptocurrency exchange - We operate the worlds biggest bitcoin exchange and altcoin crypto exchange in the world by volume Using the Binance WebSocket for the latest Bitcoin price. The Binance WebSocket requires us to only send a command once to open up a stream, and then data will automatically stream over as prices get updated. import os from binance.client import Client from binance.websockets import BinanceSocketManager from twisted.internet import reactor. We need to import the BinanceSocketManager to use ... Binance cryptocurrency exchange - We operate the worlds biggest bitcoin exchange and altcoin crypto exchange in the world by volume. Buy Crypto. Markets. Trade. Derivatives. Finance . English/USD. Binance Futures Will Launch FIL USDT-Margined Perpetual Contract With Up to 50x Leverage (10-16) Binance Enables Buy Crypto with Credit/Debit Cards Feature for MXN, COP, COL and PEN (10-15) Binance ...

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Binance US Adds New Coins, Bittrex Halts Service, Bitcoin Breakout & Crazy Bitcoin Prediction

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